Careers that will be most in demand
Source: Portal G1 Globo (December 2017)
Connected professions that combine technology and sustainability are among those that should generate more jobs
In the wake of the resumption in the construction industry from 2018, the sectors that should generate more jobs in the chain are sustainability, infrastructure, mobility and housing.
As the areas are macro, vacancies must cover a very wide range of professions. At the top of the list are Engineering and its specialties, they appear in the four segments and are closely linked to civil construction, an activity in which human labor is necessary and fundamental for the recovery of the economy.
The signs that the next few years will be better appear on several fronts. The Construction Confidence Index, of the Getulio Vargas Foundation, indicates that hiring will increase in 2018. “The progress was not great, but the results represent an important sign of improvement in the construction activity in the last months of the year, which, in turn, brings more positive perspectives for the sector in 2018 ”, evaluated, Ana Maria Castelo, coordinator of Construction Projects at FGV IBRE.
The recovery of the activity should be to generate job opportunities in other nearby segments, such as basic sanitation, urban development and mobility. The effort to reduce the housing deficit will also be a major generator of labor. By 2025, Brazil needs to build 14.5 million new homes to meet this need, as estimated by Secovi-SP in partnership with FGV.
To benefit from this positive wave of employment, however, you must be prepared. As in any segment, qualification is a requirement. “The vacancies that are going to grow are for qualified professionals, informal workers are not able to operate an expensive machine, training is necessary for that”, highlights the president of the Brazilian Chamber of Construction Industry, José Carlos Martins.
Among the professions that will be on the rise, the design engineer, as well as specialists in home automation and building technician, the new master of works. Also on the rise are professionals linked to the sustainability area, with experience in BIM – planning and execution using new technologies.
BIM is the abbreviation for Building Information Modeling – model creation software that allows better analysis and control than manual processes. A tool that minimizes waste, inefficiency, a sector deficiency that must be overcome. Professionals who come to the market equipped with knowledge to attack on this front are welcome.
In the last construction boom, experts say, the combination of low interest, plenty of credit – even 30 years to pay – it allowed people to buy real estate paying more for the inefficiency of the sector, because the installment fit in the pocket. But now the situation is different. And this change will directly impact the time to hire professionals. The market will prioritize efficiency.
“If companies want to sell, they will have to work at cost. They must improve efficiency, productivity and professionals must meet this demand ”, highlights the president of CBIC.
One of the problems in the sector is the degree of informality. In 2014, at the beginning of the recession, 57% of the employed did not pay for Social Security. Since then, around 1 million formal jobs have been lost (from 3.3 million to 2.3 million). This context increased the number of professionals working as informal workers.
For Flavio Amary, president of Secovi-SP, the prospects are very good in the segments of Sustainability, Infrastructure , Urban mobility. He bets on the career of Environmental Engineer, with specialization in waste treatment, replanting, protection of water sources, which is a worldwide trend. With regard to infrastructure, the demand for roads, ports and airports is a necessity to allow the country’s growth, just as the mobility contribution is fundamental for the expansion and improvement of the quality of life in cities. It is estimated that directly, indirectly and counting the informal, the chain has about 12.5 million workers. Whatever your training in the sector, one thing is certain: the market is reacting and there will be space for prepared professionals, more efficient and with an eye on new technologies.
Professionals in high demand
Sustainability: sustainability engineer, environmental engineer, waste treatment specialist , replanting specialist, source protection specialist, material reuse specialist, solid waste management specialist and water reuse specialist
Infrastructure: engineers specialized in road, port and airport construction, surveyor surveyor, architects, design engineer, environmental technician, lawyer specializing in environmental law
Mobility: engineers and architects specializing in urban architecture, design engineer, technician at work safety, transportation engineer
Housing: bricklayer, foreman, servants, electricians, carpenters, master of works, building technician, civil engineer, home automation, BIM engineer specialized in planning and execution, interior designer
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